What Causes Dark Spots on the Face

Bringing Back Your Confidence With a Clean and Clear Face

Dark spots on the face are a common sign of skin aging that can appear when you least expect them to. These are small, flat, and often most visible and common during summertime. Usually, these begin to show in our 50s and happen mostly due to heavy and reckless sun exposure. If you want to know why these appear and what you can do about them, keep reading and get your answers (and solutions) down below.

What Causes Dark Spots on the Face?

Overproduction of melanin, the skin's color pigment, can cause uneven dark patches on the face; this is a condition that your dermatologist would call hyperpigmentation.

Hyperpigmentation can be triggered by hormonal changes associated with aging, such as those experienced during pregnancy or menopause. Some other reasons why you may be experiencing sunspots is because:

  • Sun or skin burns.
  • Acne scars.
  • Poorly done hair removal.
  • Age.
  • Hyperpigmentation.
  • Psoriasis or other skin problems.

What to Do if You Have Dark Spots? Top 4 Treatments to Consider

1. Laser Treatments

If you are not afraid of lasers, now is the right time to give them a go! While some laser procedures remove excess pigmentation quickly, others involve peeling away the skin's layers one at a time. Thanks to the intense heat applied with the right device and by the right aesthetician - one can get rid of sun spots/dark spots.

Laser therapy is available in many configurations in today's modern medical environment. When done the right way, you shouldn't experience any complications. Common visible changes are swelling, redness, tightness, and scarring.

2. Microdermabrasion & Chemical Peels

During microdermabrasion, the dermatologist uses a special instrument with an abrasive surface to remove the skin's outermost layer; this is a skincare procedure/type of facial that reduces these spots by stimulating the development of new collagen.

Chemical peels are customized and catered to your skin type and specific needs. Yet again, booking someone well-equipped is an important step in this case & procedure. With the right number of treatments, you will remove dark spots on your face.

3. Use Hydroquinone

Hydroquinone is frequently used in hyperpigmentation therapies. As a result, the skin tone can lighten because it prevents the production of melanin; this is a strong and unique formula/ingredient banned in some countries, so think twice before you purchase it over the counter.

Higher dosages of hydroquinone may cause skin irritation, which is why using it in a mild dosage is crucial. When it comes to this remedy and dark skin spots, ask your dermatologist for their opinion.

4. Home Remedies

Are you someone who loves to DIY your solutions? If so, you can consider doing some home remedies on your own; no reason to visit a salon or book your aesthetician.

Some examples include the beta carotene and aloe vera gel combination that you can apply right on top.

You could also try mixing lemon juice with curcumin in tea tree oil. Because of its high acidity, pure lemon juice should be used with caution; this is not recommended for women with overly sensitive skin.

How to Prevent Dark Spots

As you age, dark face spots might be a bit hard to avoid.
However, there are things you can take to lower your risk of getting dark spots and prevent already-fading ones from coming back. Here is what you should do:

  • Use an SPF - Applying sunscreen liberally and reapplying it every two hours is recommended. Do this every day (even in the winter), and wear SPF 30. Reapply more frequently if you swim or perspire a lot.
  • Wear Hats & Sunglasses - For added protection and a seamless complexion, protect yourself the best way you can. Also, when UV rays are at their highest and most dangerous period (between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.), avoid being outside.
  • Eat Fruits & Veggies - By eating proper food and drinking a ton of water, you will provide your skin with healthy new cells and proper elastin production. No more hyperpigmentation or black spots if you're making smart decisions. Good skin starts inside out; always remember that.